Cotler’s ‘Cameo Role’ in Bringing Sadat and Begin Together Finally Told

Dec. 8, 2020

By JANICE ARNOLD

MONTREAL—Irwin Cotler may have been the matchmaker between Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin, the unlikely couple who forged the historic peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.

Forty-three years later, Cotler, who was named Canada’s first Special Envoy for Preserving Holocaust Remembrance and Combatting Antisemitism by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau last month, is revealing for the first time his “accidental cameo role” in helping to bring together the two Middle East antagonists.

Irwin Cotler
Irwin Cotler

In 1977, Cotler, then a McGill University law professor and leader of Canadian Professors for Peace in the Middle East, was doing work at the Al-Ahram Centre for Political and Strategic Studies, a think tank in Cairo, and travelling in Syria and Jordan – unusual at the time.

The centre’s president, Boutros Boutros-Ghali (who would later become Secretary-General of the United Nations) was close to Sadat’s office and told Cotler that the Egyptian president was curious about Begin, the Likud leader who had become prime minister in June that year, ending the monopoly on power the Labour Party had had since Israel’s founding.

Sadat wanted to meet Cotler to discuss the new political landscape, knowing his close connections to Israel and understanding of the Arab world. 

Cotler would have a few meetings; by around the third, the Egyptian ruler got down to business.

“Sadat asked me two questions,” Cotler told the CJR in an interview soon after his federal appointment. “One, did I think this government [Israel] wanted to make peace with Egypt? I said yes. Two, did I think he could make peace with the new prime minister? I said, ‘I don’t know Begin personally, but I know him to be a committed democrat and parliamentarian and think he would want to make peace with the largest and strongest Arab country.’

“Sadat then asked me to deliver a message to Begin. He wanted to reach out to Begin through informal channels, through someone, he said, the Israelis trust and I trust.”

Sadat’s confidence was flattering, but in truth, Cotler had no channel to the Israeli prime minister. Back in Israel, Cotler attended a meeting of young Knesset members convened by Jewish Agency official Uri Gordon. Cotler spoke in Hebrew about his having been in Egypt and in Syria three times. In the audience was Ariela Zeevi, Begin’s parliamentary secretary, whom Cotler did not know – yet.

“She passed a note to a colleague that I must be a spy,” Cotler recalled. “Afterward, she asked me more about Syria, and I shared with her that the Jewish community there had toasted Begin’s election, hoping their liberation would soon come.

“She said to me, ‘you have to tell the prime minister that,’ and a few days later, she arranged a meeting with Begin. I gave him Sadat’s message that he was prepared to enter peace negotiations on two conditions: that Israel withdraw from the entire Sinai and that Israel recognize the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people.

‘’Begin right off said he could not agree to that, and I said that these were only conditions for starting talks. Then he asked me if I thought peace could be made with Sadat, and I said yes.”

Cotler said he knew that Boutros-Ghali, who was minister of state for foreign affairs by then, was keen on peace, as was Sadat’s chief of staff, Tahseen Bashir. He also pointed out that Sadat’s wife, Jihan, was urging him to come to terms with Israel.

So it was that on Nov. 19, 1977, Sadat stunned the world by becoming the first Arab leader to officially visit the Jewish State. The peace agreement was signed in March 1979 and came into force the following year. It has held for 40 years.

Despite characterizations to the contrary, Cotler said Sadat and Begin did hit it off personally, and that, he believes, was crucial to the eventual agreement.

In appreciation of Cotler’s little known part, Montreal Consuls General David Levy of Israel and Hossam Moharam of Egypt hosted a virtual tribute to him on the anniversary of the groundbreaking détente.

Another match was also made as a result of Cotler’s unplanned encounter with history: Ariela Zeevi’s initial suspicion about the bachelor Canadian professor melted away. They started seeing each other and were married on the very day the peace treaty was signed.

Ariela brought into the marriage a young daughter who is today a member of the Knesset for the Blue and White party, Michal Cotler-Wunsh, elected in March.

Cotler, of course, was a Canadian Liberal MP from 1999 to 2015, serving as justice minister and attorney general in Paul Martin’s government. Boutros-Ghali went on to lead the UN in the 1990s, and Tahseen Bashir became Egypt’s Ambassador to Canada in the 1980s.

In thanking Cotler, Levy said the Israeli-Egyptian agreement laid the foundation for the recent normalization of relations with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Sudan.

When the pandemic is over, Cotler hopes he can facilitate a meeting between Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas, now that the latter has signaled he wants to reopen talks.

Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, Prolific Author and Sage, Dies at 72

Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, the former chief rabbi of the United Kingdom whose extensive writings and frequent media appearances commanded a global following among Jews and non-Jews alike, has died.

Sir Jonathan Sacks
Sir Jonathan Sacks

Rabbi Sacks died Nov. 7 at age 72. He was in the midst of a third bout of cancer, which he had announced in October.

He was among the world’s leading exponents of Orthodox Judaism. In his 22 years as chief rabbi, he emerged as the most visible Jewish leader in the United Kingdom and one of the European continent’s most authoritative Jewish voices, offering Jewish wisdom through a regular segment he produced for the BBC.

He had a close relationship with former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, who called Rabbi Sacks “an intellectual giant” and presented him with a lifetime achievement award in 2018.

In a statement, Prince Charles noted Rabbi Sacks’ death “with profound personal sorrow. With his passing, the Jewish community, our nation, and the world have lost a leader whose wisdom, scholarship and humanity were without equal.”

The author two dozen books, he addressed pressing social and political issues in a succession of well received books. His popular commentary on the prayer book helped to dethrone the more traditionalist Artscroll Siddur as the preeminent prayer book in many North American Modern Orthodox synagogues.

He spoke out frequently on Israel and antisemitism, especially when it came to Britain’s Labour Party under its previous leader Jeremy Corbyn, who Rabbi Sacks termed an antisemite.

That judgment paved the way for the current British Chief Rabbi, Ephraim Mirvis, to harshly condemn the Labour Party, a precedent-setting event in British Jewish life.

Corbyn was replaced in April by Keir Starmer, who apologized for how antisemitism was allowed to flourish in Labour’s ranks under Corbyn.

Born in London in 1948, Rabbi Sacks studied at Cambridge University. While a student there in the 1960s, he visited Rabbi Menachem Schneerson, then spiritual leader of the worldwide Chabad-Lubatvitch movement.

Rabbi Sacks credited that meeting with inspiring him to get involved with Jewish studies.

He became rabbi of the Golders Green synagogue in London’s most Orthodox neighborhood in the late 1970s and then rabbi of the Marble Arch synagogue in central London.

Despite his association with it, Rabbi Sacks didn’t use the term “Modern Orthodox.”

In a 2011 address to a capacity crowd at Shaarei Shomayim Congregation in Toronto, Rabbi Sacks said he was critical of “many of the values of modernity.”

Among the values he took issue with is individualism, which he said had ruined the institution of marriage.

Britain, he noted, had the largest percentage of teen pregnancies and single-parent families in the world, at 46 percent.

He recalled that at a conference on climate change, he spoke about weekly Shabbat observance – including abstention from driving cars and riding in airplanes – as a solution to the world’s energy crisis.

He recognized what he called “the dignity of difference” among religions and cultures. “We each have something unique to contribute.”

As well, he recalled encouraging university students who were experiencing antisemitism to “do the unexpected thing” and lead the fight against Islamophobia on campus.

The result was the Coexistence Trust, formed in 2005 to fight Islamophobia and antisemitism.

“We need friends and allies,” he said.

Rabbi Sacks saw Judaism and Israel as “voices of hope” – Judaism for its ability to outlast civilizations that once seemed invulnerable, and Israel, with its accomplishments in arts, science and humanities, for setting an example for small, young nations.

He urged audience members to “wear [their] Judaism with pride… it will be good for us and it will be good for the world.”

Rabbi Sacks is survived by his wife Elaine, three children and several grandchildren.

– With files from JTA and The CJN.