Vera Schiff, Holocaust Survivor, Named to Order of Canada

Dec. 9, 2020


A tattered diary no bigger than a credit card inspired Holocaust survivor Vera Schiff to spend a lifetime spreading her message of tolerance and gratitude across Canada.

Her efforts to educate students have not gone unnoticed. On Nov. 27, Schiff was named to the Order of Canada – among 114 new appointments.

Schiff (née Katz), 94, was honoured for her “illustrious career as an author, historian and public speaker who is nationally recognized for sharing her moving experiences of the Holocaust,” said a statement from Governor General Julie Payette.

It came as a surprise,” Schiff told the CJR. “I am very honoured and humbled. To be recognized gives me a great deal of satisfaction and gratitude to the government of Canada and those who recommended me.”

Vera Schiff

Schiff was born in 1926 in Prague, Czechoslovakia, to Elsie and Siegfried Schiff. Raised with her sister Eva, her childhood was a happy one. On March 15, 1939, the German army invaded and occupied the country and her life was forever changed. Schiff and her family were deported in 1942 to Terezin (Theresienstadt), where only Schiff survived from among about 50 members of her extended family.

She found the strength to move forward after discovering her mother’s small journal.

“I think she found comfort in entering these little day-by-day pains from Terezin,” said Schiff. “It’s my greatest treasure, the only thing I have from her.”

In the book, Elsie offered her daughter valuable life advice.

“She knew I would need medical attention and said after my recovery [that] I should go back to school to acquire skills and knowledge to make my way through life, and to become a contributing member to society,” Schiff recalled. “Every time I am at a crossroad, I turn to the diary. And although it’s always the same, I somehow know what she would have hoped me to do. The last page was a letter to me… a blueprint on how to live my life.”

Schiff met her future husband, Arthur Schiff, in the Theresienstadt ghetto (see B&W photo with story). After the war, they settled in Prague, and then moved to Israel in 1949. In 1961, they came to Toronto, where Schiff worked as a medical technologist at Toronto General Hospital and Arthur was a pharmacist. She and her husband have two sons, six grandchildren and four great-grandchildren. Arthur died in 2001.

In recognition of her contributions to literature, Schiff was awarded an Honourary Doctorate of Letters from the University of New Brunswick in 2012, and this summer, received an Honourary Doctor of Letters degree during a virtual convocation ceremony at Thompson Rivers University in British Columbia.

Schiff has published seven books. Theresienstadt: The Town the Nazis Gave to the Jews won the Elie Wiesel History of the Holocaust Award.

She was also a Czech language court interpreter during the trial of Toronto’s neo-Nazi Holocaust denier, Ernst Zundel in the 1980s. “He said the Holocaust did not exist – it was a Jewish invention,” Schiff recalled. “I couldn’t believe in my lifetime people would deny what I lived through.”

Schiff’s message never wavers. “Each and every one of us must do his share to make this world a better place. I tell students to remember: Freedom is not a gift, it is a privilege. We are very fortunate in Canada to live in a wonderful country with freedom and dignity. We must preserve it and pass it on. It is our duty.”

Schiff remains steadfast in her quest to educate Canadians. Since the onset of the coronavirus pandemic, she has adapted to new technology and continues to educate students by Zoom.

Israel, Canada Collaboration Breathes New Life Into Transplant Patients

Nov. 4, 2020


Sheba Medical Center in Israel and Toronto General Hospital are collaborating to advance lung transplantation in Israel and to enhance medical education in both countries.

Dr. Liran Levy

In the last year, Sheba’s Institute of Pulmonary Medicine has established a new lung transplant program, headed jointly by Dr. Liran Levy, who, in 2019, completed four years of clinical, research and surgical training at Toronto General, together with surgeon Dr. Milton Saute who brought lung transplantation to Israel.

Dr. Milton Saute

According to Sheba’s head of Pulmonary Medicine, Dr. Amir Onn, collaboration with Toronto General “will put Sheba on the map of lung transplantation” due, in large part, to revolutionary technology that can increase the number of donor lungs by almost 50 percent.

Dr. Amir Onn

Toronto General is renowned for having performed the world’s first successful lung transplant in 1983. The hospital has since expanded its lung transplantation program, both clinically and in terms of research.

Dr. Marcelo Cypel

One of the most groundbreaking discoveries was made in 2013 by Dr. Marcelo Cypel, a staff thoracic surgeon at Toronto General and director of their ECLS (extracorporeal life support) program. This technique “effected a change in paradigm for how we do lung transplants,” Cypel said in a recent webinar moderated by Canadian Friends of Sheba.

The innovation, called “ex vivo lung prefusion” (EVLP), doubles the amount of time that donor lungs can remain outside the body.

“Previously, donor lungs could be kept for only six to eight hours,” explained Cypel. “Patients had to uproot their lives to live near a transplant center, and staff had to race against the clock to transfer the organ from the donor to the recipient, often forced to perform the complex surgery in the middle of the night.”

The valuable hours gained don’t just optimize the logistics of the transplant operation, they actually allow for recovery of the organ itself.

“As a rule, over 80 percent of donor lungs are unsuitable for lung transplantation due to poor functioning, infection, blood clots or injury,” Cypel said.

By pumping a solution of oxygen, proteins and nutrients into the injured donor lungs, the EVLP system enables injured cells to heal themselves or to be prepared for more sophisticated repair techniques. The method doubled the number of lung transplants performed in Toronto in the last seven years, according to Cypel.

With the help of Toronto General, Saute estimates that the EVLP program will become operational at Sheba by the middle of 2021.

“We anticipate that [EVLP] will make a huge impact and significantly increase the pool of donors for lung transplantation in Israel, especially now, during COVID, with donors reduced by more than 50 percent,” he said in the webinar.

According to Cypel, some of the reasons for the reduction in donor lungs during the pandemic and lockdowns include deaths that occur at home due to the reluctance of patients to seek hospital care, and fewer car accidents whose victims supply donor lungs.

Collaboration will also encompass clinical care, including consultations regarding challenging patients, as well an exchange of trainees, in both directions.

“We hope to send members of our team to Sheba to learn from their unique expertise,” Cypel said.

Onn pointed out that COVID has created new potential candidates for lung transplant. He is currently treating patients in Sheba’s designated post-COVID clinic who present with an unusual combination of symptoms: shortness of breath, chest pain and forgetfulness. Some, he said, have sustained irreparable damage to their lungs.

A growing number of COVID survivors are being referred to the lung transplant center. “We are in the process of identifying those who may be potential transplant cases,” said Levy.

He remarked that he is looking forward to working with his former colleagues and mentors from Toronto General. Looking back on his years spent in Toronto with his wife and four children, he admits that it was hard to leave.

“The Jewish community made us feel very much at home, and we still miss Toronto,” Levy said. “But I think we have a very important mission here in Israel.”

When the teams from both hospitals met one year ago to discuss collaboration, Cypel and Saute were delighted to discover that they both hail from the same city in southern Brazil.

“Although we didn’t meet in Brazil, Dr. Saute told me that he knew my grandparents quite well, and that was very emotional for me,” Cypel recalled. Saute added that they both had the same mentor in thoracic surgery, and thus, “we have the same ideas.”

Patients in both countries, and worldwide, can look forward to the fruits of this collaboration.

Sharon Gelbach grew up in Toronto, studied journalism at Carleton University, and moved to Israel in 1982. She lives in the Jerusalem area with her family. A writer, editor and translator, among her many projects are writing PR content for the Sheba Medical Center.